As fellow musicians Houston Stackhouse and Peck Curtis waited at the KFFA studios for Williamson on May 25, 1965, the 12:15 broadcast time was approaching and Williamson was nowhere in sight. Famous compositions include "Help Me", "Eyesight To The Blind" and "Don't Start Me Talkin'". Williamson married Howlin' Wolf's half-sister Mae and he showed Wolf how to play harmonica. His first LP record was a compilation of previously released singles. April 1909) in Glendora, Mississippi; 25. American blues singer & harmonica player at the emergence of 'electric blues'. [6][7] However, it has been argued that a census record claim of age without a birth certificate is not a reliable proof, as census clerks often made mistakes, especially in rural towns where few people could read or write. The program's sponsor, Max Moore, began billing Miller as Sonny Boy Williamson, apparently in an attempt to capitalize on the fame of the well-known Chicago-based harmonica player and singer Sonny Boy Williamson (birth name John Lee Curtis Williamson, died 1948). Miller used various names, including Rice Miller and Little Boy Blue, before calling himself Sonny Boy Williamson, which was also the name of a popular Chicago blues singer and harmonica player. [citation needed] David Evans, professor of music and an ethnomusicologist at the University of Memphis, claims to have found census records that Miller was born around 1912, being seven years old on February 2, 1920, the day of the census. [citation needed], Sonny Boy took a liking to the European fans, and while there had a custom-made, two-tone suit tailored personally for him, along with a bowler hat, matching umbrella, and an attaché case for his harmonicas. In 1949, Williamson relocated to West Memphis, Arkansas, and lived with his sister and her husband, Howlin' Wolf. "Help Me" became a blues standard,[5] and many blues and rock artists have recorded his songs. Although John Lee Williamson was a major blues star who had already released dozens of successful and widely influential records under the name "Sonny Boy Williamson" from 1937 onward, Miller would later claim to have been the first to use the name. It was later included in Robert Christgau's "basic record library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings, published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981). Titled Down and Out Blues, Checker released the collection in 1959. [14], In 2014, Williamson was honored with a marker on the Mississippi Blues Trail in Helena, Arkansas. He toured Europe with the American Folk Blues Festival and recorded with English rock musicians, including the Yardbirds, the Animals, and Jimmy Page. [16], American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter, This article is about the blues musician who lived from, As Sonny Boy Williamson His Harmonica and Houserockers. A counter claim is made[who?] Famous compositions include "Help Me", "Eyesight To The Blind" and "Don't Start Me Talkin'". A single, "Boppin' with Sonny" backed with "No Nights by Myself", was released by Ace Records in 1955. Alex or Aleck Miller (né Ford, possibly December 5, 1912[3][a] – May 24, 1965),[4] known later in his career as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter. It was three years since the death of John Lee Williamson, which for the first time allowed some legitimacy to Miller's carefully worded claim to being "the one and only Sonny Boy Williamson". It is believed that Miller adopted the name to suggest to audiences (and to his first record label) that he was the "original" Sonny Boy. Not to be confused with the … Miller used various names, including Rice Miller and Little Boy Blue, before calling himself Sonny Boy Williamson, which was also the name of a popular Chicago blues singer and harmonica player. He appears credited as "Big Skol" on Roland Kirk's live album Kirk in Copenhagen (1963). During his Chess years he enjoyed his greatest success and acclaim, recording about 70 songs for the Chess subsidiary Checker Records from 1955 to 1964. He had begun developing a following in Chicago beginning in 1953, when he appeared there as a member of Elmore James's band. Around this time he was quoted as saying of the backing bands who accompanied him, "those British boys want to play the blues real bad, and they do". サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムスン (Sonny Boy Williamson II、1899年12月5日 - 1965年5月25日) は、米国ミシシッピ州出身のブルース・シンガー、ブルース・ハーモニカ奏者。本名は、アレック・ミラー。晩年の1950年代から60年代にかけて、チェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードから数多くの作品を生み、シカゴ・ブルースの歴史に大きな足跡を残した。 (* 5. Some blues scholars believe that Miller's assertion he was born in 1899 was a ruse to convince audiences he was old enough to have used the name before John Lee Williamson, who was born in 1914. Miller's date of birth is disputed. Some of his popular songs include "Don't Start Me Talkin'", "Help Me", "Checkin' Up on My Baby", and "Bring It On Home". He was an early and influential blues harp stylist who recorded successfully in the 1950s and 1960s. März 1908 und der 7. Alex or Aleck Miller (né Ford, possibly December 5, 1912 – May 24, 1965), known later in his career as Sonny Boy Williamson, was an American blues harmonica player, singer and songwriter. Trumpet Records owner McMurry provided the headstone with an incorrect date of death. Mai 1965 in Helena, Arkansas, bürgerlicher Name Aleck/Alex Rice Miller) war ein US-amerikanischer Bluesmusiker. [10], In 1972, Chess released This Is My Story, a compilation album featuring Williamson's recordings for the label. Miller developed his style and raffish stage persona during these years. American blues singer & harmonica player at the emergence of 'electric blues'. He was also associated with Robert Johnson during this period. He brought his King Biscuit musician friends to West Memphis—Elmore James, Houston Stackhouse, Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, Robert Nighthawk and others—to perform on KWEM radio. Not to be confused with the … [11], In the early 1960s he toured Europe several times during the height of the British blues craze, backed on a number of occasions by the Authentics (see American Folk Blues Festival), recording with the Yardbirds (for the album Sonny Boy Williamson and the Yardbirds) and the Animals, and appearing on several television broadcasts throughout Europe. In 1941 Miller was hired to play the King Biscuit Time show, advertising the King Biscuit brand of baking flour on radio station KFFA in Helena, Arkansas, with Lockwood. The book also maintains that future Led Zeppelin vocalist Robert Plant stole one of the bluesman's harmonicas at one of these shows. Please see the "Year of birth" section for more information. In a spoken word performance called “The Story of Sonny Boy Williamson” that was later included in several compilations, Miller states that he was born in Glendora, Mississippi in 1897. [9], Williamson's first recording session took place in 1951 for Lillian McMurry of Trumpet Records, based in Jackson, Mississippi. Dezember 1899[1] oder 1912[2] (weitere Alternativen sind der 5. He started his own KWEM radio show from 1948 to 1950, selling the elixir Hadacol. Robert Palmer wrote in his blues history "Deep Blues", that during this tour Williamson allegedly stabbed a man during a street fight and left the country abruptly. Willie Dixon recalled seeing Lockwood and Miller playing for tips in Greenville, Mississippi, in the 1930s. Led Zeppelin biographer Stephen Davis writes in Hammer of the Gods, while in England Williamson set his hotel room on fire while trying to cook a rabbit in a coffee percolator. that he was born Alex Ford (pronounced "Aleck") on the Sara Jones Plantation in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. [citation needed], Upon his return to the U.S., he resumed playing the King Biscuit Time show on KFFA, and performed in the Helena, Arkansas area. Dezember 1897, der 11. Beginning in the 1930s, he traveled around Mississippi and Arkansas and encountered Big Joe Williams, Elmore James and Robert Lockwood Jr., also known as Robert Junior Lockwood, who would play guitar on his later Checker Records sides. To distinguish the two, Miller has been referred to as Sonny Boy Williamson II. サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムスン[1] (Sonny Boy Williamson II、1899年12月5日 - 1965年5月25日) は、米国ミシシッピ州出身のブルース・シンガー、ブルース・ハーモニカ奏者。本名は、アレック・ミラー。晩年の1950年代から60年代にかけて、チェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードから数多くの作品を生み、シカゴ・ブルースの歴史に大きな足跡を残した。, 芸名の末尾にII(あるいはII世)が付けられることがあるが、これは先に同じ芸名を名乗っていたジョン・リー・ウィリアムソンと区別するため。一方のジョン・リーはサニー・ボーイI(あるいはI世)と称される。両者に血縁関係があるわけではなく、I世の成功にあやかりたいII世が無断で芸名を拝借したものである。皮肉なことに結果的にII世はI世を凌ぐ成功を収めた。, ウィリアムスンの生年月日は1899年12月5日とする資料が比較的多いが、1897年、1901年、1909年など諸説があり、正確なところは判っていない[2]。生まれたのは、ミシシッピ州グレンドーラ近郊のプランテーションであった。彼の幼少期については、多くが謎に包まれている。本名ひとつとってもラスト・ネームを「フォード」とする説と「ミラー」とする説があるなど、決定的な情報はない[3]。独学でハーモニカを学び、他にギター、ドラムスも学んだという[4]。, 1930年代頃から、ミシシッピ州とアーカンソー州を一帯を放浪し、その過程でエルモア・ジェームス、ブラインド・レモン・ジェファーソン、ロバート・ロックウッド・ジュニアらブルースマンと出会う。当時彼は、リトル・ボーイ・ブルーという芸名で活動していた[3]。, 1941年、アーカンソー州ヘレナのラジオ局KFFAで始まったブルース番組「キング・ビスケット・タイム」にロバート・ロックウッド・ジュニアとともに出演するようになった。彼がサニー・ボーイを名乗り出したのはこの頃であり、番組のスポンサーだったインターステート・グロサリーのオーナー、マックス・ムーアは彼がその名前を使うことを提案したと主張している[5]。レコードは出していなかったが、この番組出演により南部一帯でサニー・ボーイの人気は高まっていく。, 番組のリスナーの中には後にザ・バンドのドラマーとして活躍するリヴォン・ヘルムもいた。彼は自叙伝の中で、当時のウイリアムスンについて以下のように述べている[6]。, 1951年、ウィリアムスンはミシシッピ州ジャクソンのトランペット・レコードで初レコーディングを行う。エルモア・ジェームスらをバックに、ブギ・ナンバーを中心としたサウンドを披露している。, 1955年、シカゴのチェス・レコード傘下のチェッカー・レコードと契約。この頃から拠点も南部からシカゴへ移している。同年、チェッカーにおける初セッションでレコーディングされた「Don't Start Me To Talkin'」がR&Bチャートの3位を記録する。その後も「Keep It To Yourself」(1956年、同16位)、「Help Me」(1963年、同24位)とヒットを生んでいる[7]。チェッカーでのウィリアムスンはトランペット時代よりもぐっとモダンなサウンドとなり、また彼のハーモニカのプレイは、シカゴ・ブルースにおける基本形として、多くの後続プレイヤーに影響を与えた。, 1963年には、アメリカン・フォーク・ブルース・フェスティバル出演のため、初めてのヨーロッパ・ツアーを行った。1964年にも再度同フェスティバルに出演した。この間、ウィリアムスンはイギリスでアニマルズ、ヤードバーズ、ジミー・ペイジとレコーディングを行っている。, 1965年5月25日、再びキング・ビスケット・タイムに出演するためヘレナに戻っていたウィリアムスンは、心臓発作により他界した。亡くなった直後にアルバム『リアル・フォーク・ブルース』が発表された。, アルバム「Bummer Road」ライナーノーツ(ピート・ウェルディング、メアリー・キャスリン・アルディン著), アルバム「Down And Out Blues」ライナーノーツ(Don Kamerer著), This Wheel's on Fire: Levon Helm and the Story of the Band (Chicago Review Press), Joel Whitburn's Top R&B Singles 1942-1988 (Record Research), Sonny Boy II Told His Sisters "Keep It To Yourself", https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=サニー・ボーイ・ウィリアムソンII&oldid=76176367, "Cool, Cool Blues" / "Do It if You Wanta" (1951年、Trumpet Records), "Crazy 'Bout You, Baby" / "Eyesight to the Blind" (1951年、Trumpet), "Pontiac Blues" / "Sonny Boy's Christmas Blues" (1951年、Trumpet), "Mighty Long Time" / "Nine Below Zero" (1951年、Trumpet), "Going in Your Direction" / "Red Hot Kisses" (1954年、Trumpet), "Don't Start Me Talkin'"/ "All My Love in Vain" (1955年、Checker Records), "Keep It to Yourself" / "The Key (To Your Door)" (1956年、Checker), "Let Me Explain" / "Your Imagination" (1956年、Checker), "No Nights by Myself" / "Boppin' with Sonny" (1956年、Ace Records), "Fattening Frogs for Snakes" / "I Don't Know" (1957年、Checker), "Cross My Heart" / "Dissatisfied'" (1958年、Checker), "Born Blind" / "Ninety-Nine" (1958年、Checker), "Your Funeral and My Trial" / "Wake Up Baby" (1958年、Checker), "Let Your Conscience Be Your Guide" / "Unseeing Eye" (1959年、Checker), "Temperature 110" / "Lonesome Cabin" (1960年、Checker), "Trust My Baby" / "Too Close Together" (1960年、Checker), "The Goat" / "It's Sad to Be Alone" (1960年、Checker), "Stop Right Now" / "The Hunt" (1961年、Checker), "The Hunt" / "Little Village" (1961年、Checker), "One Way Out" / "Nine Below Zero" (1962年、Checker), "Trying to Get Back on My Feet" / "Decoration Day" (1963年、Checker), "Bye Bye Bird" / "Help Me" (1963年、Checker), "My Younger Days" / "I Want You Close to Me" (1964年、Checker), "Bring It On Home" / "Down Child" (1965年、Checker), "Baby Let Me Come Back Home" / "November Boogie" / "All Nite Boogie" / "Leavin Blues" (1966年、Collectors Special Records EP), "Too Close Together" / "Cat Hop" (1953年、Trumpet Records), "Gettin' Out of Town" / "She Brought Life Back to the Dead" (1954年、Trumpet), "Empty Bedroom" / "From the Bottom" (1955年、Trumpet), "Mr. Downchild" / "Stop Now Baby" (1954年、Trumpet), "I Cross My Heart" / "West Memphis Blues" (1954年、Trumpet), "Come on Back Home" / "Stop Crying" (1954年、Trumpet), "From the Bottom" / "Empty Bedroom" (Blue Horizon Records). 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