Therefore, the transfiguration of Jesus Christ displayed the Shekinah glory of God incarnate in the Son. In the Syriac Orthodox, Indian Orthodox, Revised Julian Calendars within Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholic, and Anglican churches, the Feast of the Transfiguration is observed on 6 August. ", The concept of the transfiguration as a preview and an anticipation of the resurrection includes several theological components.  Moreover, Christians consider the transfiguration to fulfill an Old Testament messianic prophecy that Elijah would return again after his ascension (Malachi 4:5–6). Jesus warned them not to tell anyone what they had seen until after His resurrection. Although Moses had died and Elijah had been taken up to heaven centuries before (as in 2 Kings 2:11), they now live in the presence of the Son of God, implying that the same return to life applies to all who face death and have faith. As an example, in the 8th century, in his sermon on the transfiguration, the Benedictine monk Ambrosius Autpertus directly linked the Supper at Emmaus appearance in Luke 24:39 to the transfiguration narrative of Matthew 17:2, and stated that in both cases, Jesus "was changed to a different form, not of nature, but of glory. When the disciples look up, they no longer see Elijah or Moses.  The usual candidate, in this case, is Mount Panium, Paneas, or Banias, a small hill situated at the source of the Jordan, near the foot of which Caesarea Philippi was built.  But before Peter can finish, a bright cloud appears, and a voice from the cloud states: "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him" (Mark 9:7).  This miracle is unique among others that appear in the canonical gospels, in that the miracle happens to Jesus himself. After Jesus performs a series of miracles and foretells His own death, Jesus leads just three of his disciples, Peter, James and John, to a "high mountain." The Transfiguration event was probably the most definitive revelation of Jesus as divine next to the resurrection itself. The Synoptic Gospels (Matthew 17:1–8, Mark 9:2–8, Luke … This biblical event appears in each of the Gospel books as an important moment in the life of Jesus and evidence of his divinity. •  Martin Luther continued to see them as the Law and the Prophets respectively, and their recognition of and conversation with Jesus as a symbol of how Jesus fulfills "the law and the prophets" (Matthew 5:17–19, see also Expounding of the Law). the Lutheran and United Methodist) the last Sunday in the Epiphany season is also devoted to this event. Jesus’ Transfiguration in the Bible marked a significant phase in Christ’s revelation as the Messiah and the Son of God.  The transfiguration of Jesus is a story told in the New Testament when Jesus is transfigured and becomes radiant in glory upon a mountain. Your IP: 18.104.22.168  The extensive writings of Maximus the Confessor may have been shaped by his contemplations on the katholikon at Saint Catherine's Monastery – not a unique case of a theological idea appearing in icons long before it appears in writings. In the Church of Sweden and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, however, the Feast is celebrated on the seventh Sunday after Trinity, the eighth Sunday after Pentecost.  Around the same time Saint Gregory of Nyssa and later Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite were developing a "theology of light" which then influenced Byzantine meditative and mystical traditions such as the Tabor light and theoria.  Josephus mentions in the Jewish War that he built a wall along the top perimeter in 40 days, and does not mention any previously existing structures.. William Hendriksen in his commentary on Matthew (1973) favours Mount Meron. , Christian theology assigns a great deal of significance to the transfiguration, based on multiple elements of the narrative. The Lord’s glory was revealed not just through miraculous deeds, but in a more personal, tangible way.  The iconography of the transfiguration continued to develop in this time period, and there is a sixth-century symbolic representation in the apse of the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe and a well known depiction at Saint Catherine's Monastery on Mount Sinai in Egypt. 12:23). , Although Matthew 17 lists the disciple John as being present during the transfiguration, the Gospel of John has no account of it. Jesus longed for a presentation of His Heavenly Father’s divine magnificence and splendor in human form (John 17:24). This should have encouraged the disciples that no matter what happened in Jerusalem, Jesus …  Thomas Aquinas considered the transfiguration "the greatest miracle" in that it complemented baptism and showed the perfection of life in Heaven. That event was called the Transfiguration. The transfiguration is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels. What happened right before the Transfiguration? ... Christ's redemptive sacrifice was the purpose for which Elijah had ministered while on earth.  The transfiguration narrative acts as a further revelation of the identity of Jesus as the Son of God to some of his disciples. He notes that this happened while Jesus was praying. In the 2nd century, Saint Irenaeus was fascinated by the transfiguration and wrote: "the glory of God is a live human being and a truly human life is the vision of God".  This connection continued to develop both within the theological and iconographic dimensions – which however, often influenced each other. Then the prophets Moses and Elijah appear next to him and he speaks with them. , In the 7th century, Saint Maximus the Confessor said that the senses of the apostles were transfigured to enable them to perceive the true glory of Christ. The origins of the feast are less than certain and may have derived from the dedication of three basilicas on Mount Tabor. ... And it was the goal about which Elijah spoke to Jesus in the Transfiguration. In the Synoptic Gospels, (Matthew 17:1–8 Mark 9:2–8, Luke 9:28–36), the account of the transfiguration happens towards the middle of the narrative. France (1987) notes that Mount Hermon is closest to Caesarea Philippi, mentioned in the previous chapter of Matthew.  Luke states that they spoke of Jesus' exodus (εξοδον) which he was about to accomplish in Jerusalem (Lk 9:31). The very last of the writing prophets, Malachi, promised a return of Elijah to hold out hope for repentance before judgment (Mal. Rivingtons. 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