However, there are no studies on the actual impacts these species could have on freshwater systems in India. There are news reports of alligator gar sightings from waterbodies in the states of Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. A couple of photos and videos making rounds on social media suggest that an Arapaima, a genus native to the Amazon and Essequibo basins of South America was caught by some locals from the Chalakudy river in Thrissur District. Arapaima which is one of the rare fishes species that can breathe air from the atmosphere. But this diversity is at risk due to ‘fugitive’ fish such as the arapaima and gar that escaped from aquaculture facilities … ‘Tankbusters’ – fish that are capable of outgrowing most domestic aquaria — are a problem too. Alligator gar in Kerala’s waters could indeed be a potential concern because the species is primarily carnivorous and can feed on native fish, said V. S. Basheer, principal scientist at Kochi’s National Bureau of Fish Genetics Resources (NBFGR). But this diversity is at risk due to ‘fugitive’ fish such as the arapaima and gar that escaped from aquaculture facilities and farms during the floods, claim the authors. Temperature: Arapaima live best from about 75 to 80-degrees F. with 78 being perhaps ideal. Featured Today 11-28-2020. While alligator gar can measure up to three metres in length, arapaima is five metres long and weigh up to a whopping 200 kg. It was September 7, barely a month after the floods of 2018 had wrecked large parts of Kerala. while the Kerala Fish Seed Bill, 2014 demands strict quarantine measures for introduction of any non-native fish into the state. It appears in Season 1 and Season 6 Episode 6 as well as Season 9 Episode 6, the Series Finale of River Monsters. Like the arapaima, the gar too is alien: its native habitats are the freshwater lakes of North America. Panorama. Indeed, stronger quarantine laws to completely restrict any foreign fish species from deliberate introductions hereafter are important, agreed ATREE’s Kelkar. Similarly, there is a huge demand for arapaima and alligator gar among fish hobbyists but these fish quickly outgrow their aquariums and owners often release these fish in the wild, said Raghavan. Call 1-877-367-4377 to order! But all he saw of the fish was its severed head: it had already been sold in the market. Nevertheless, lack of mechan-isms for implementing and enforcing these provisions facilitates the illegal farming of top predators like arapaima and alligator gar in Kerala… But the larger problem of aliens turning invasive is not restricted to Kerala’s waters alone. Other invasives include the guppy and mosquitofish (legally introduced to control mosquito populations). Arapaima (L) and alligator gar (R), two alien fish species found in Kerala’s rivers after the 2018 floods. The freshwater giant has … In their opinion note in Current Science, Kumar and his colleagues point out that this is in conflict with the Aichi Biodiversity Targets (which specify controlling and eradicating alien species as well as sustainable management of aquaculture, among others) that India has agreed to ratify as well. The team called for an urgent need to develop and implement a nationwide ‘alien species management and eradication scheme’. The Arapaima Fish is shaped like a torpedo. Alligator gar too are formidable predators; they are piscivorous generalists with an affinity towards live fish, said Raghavan, an assistant professor at KUFOS. Click here to learn about aquarium temperature, aquarium thermometers, and aquarium heaters. Testimonials. WhatsApp photographs of the unusual fish brought Smrithy Raj, a doctoral researcher studying fishes at Thiruvananthapuram’s University of Kerala, to the spot in a couple of days. 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