Hennig Brand discovered the element of phosphorus in 1669. When heated with carbon (charcoal) this decomposed to produce white phosphorus and sodium pyrophosphate. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." The phosphate urine test measures the amount of phosphate in a sample of urine collected over 24 hours (24-hour urine test). The discovery of phosphorus was made when an alchemist, Hennig Brand, tried to make gold from urine. The most pronounced phosphaturia in so-called phosphate diabetes. Subscribe Subscribed Unsubscribe 24 24. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. o 4 How do you get phosphorus from urine? Cut out and save all the striking strips. Let the rest cool. Heat that for about 16 hours. o 3 Pour the urine/charcoal dust and cinnamon mixture into a glass retort with a glass tube leading into a second beaker filled with plain water. It’s estimated that Brand used 5,500 liters (about 1500 gallons) of urine to produce just 120 grams of phosphorus, or nearly 46 … She didn't have enough money overall — at least not according to Brand — and so he used what money she had to try to make more money. Although no direct use was found for cold fire in Brand's life, people were fascinated with it. How to make Red Phosphorus. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. He did, however, come up with something he called "cold fire." How to make Red Phosphorus Dan Lutes. 1. Struvite produced from urine can be applied to fields just like any other fertiliser. After a complicated process of boiling and separating and recombining, he utterly failed to come up with gold. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. Line up as many matchbook covers as you can cut through with tin snips or good, sharp scissors. A multivalent nonmetal of the nitrogen group, phosphorus is commonly found in inorganic phosphate rocks.. Due to its high reactivity, phosphorus is never found as a free element in nature. Grab that oil! It glowed, perpetually, in the dark. [NOTE: This is a retouched combination picture that … I concur with Wes. He collected the oil and cooled down the urine. Phosphorus occurs in several allotropicforms, the most common of which are white phosphorus and red phosphorus (see Figure 2). How do you get phosphorus from urine? Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. No, I didn't have to FILL them all. Red phosphorus is a non-poisonous, dark red powder that is not very inflammable. First white fumes come off, then an oil, then phosphorus. Discard the salt, mix the red oil back into the black material. Heat that mixture strongly for 16 hours. This is thanks to the phosphates in urine. How do you get phosphorus from urine? Put the … During this week, get … In this video I demonstrate how to produce white phosphorus from household materials. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. The buyers sold the secret to others, but it remained valuable and well-kept until 1737, when someone sold it to the Academy of Science in Paris and it was published. First, you should allow some urine (preferably your own but I don't judge) to sit in an open container for about a week. Red Phosphorus and Violet Phosphorus (Polymeric) Red Phosphorus has more atoms linked together in a network than white phosphorus does, which makes it much more stable. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. Could Harvesting Urine Ease Demand For Phosphorus? IO9 describes the process: You then mix the urine with the tasty powder and heat it in a retort like that kid in the chemistry set has. ** Nitrogen promotes leafy growth, phosphorus promotes root development and seed germination. For example, it's a component of fireworks, flares and matches; it's used to dope silicon; and it's a plant fertilizer. If you did, you'd be following in the footsteps of the least dignified scientist ever. When the phosphate loses its oxygen, it becomes phosphorus, which at high heat is emitted as a gas. Fertilizer, which is a soluble phosphate, is produced by treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. The phosphorus urine test is used to check the amount of phosphate present in our body. It wasn't cheap, and Brand burned through all of his wife's money. It was what we now call phosphorus. But it could run out. How to Make Phosphorus Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Here is a weekend project for Sami, TreeHugger's champion peecycler: make phosphorus from your own urine! This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. About 1500 gallons of urine went into his experiment, but it paid off. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorous. He sold the secret to anyone who would pay enough, including Wilhelm Leibniz, the inventor of calculus. Phosphate is a charged particle (ion) that contains the mineral phosphorus. Phosphorus is essential to plant growth, but there’s a looming shortage, which could leave global agriculture without the fertilizer needed to feed growing populations. Voila. Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Humans were alchemical factories, turning ordinary substances like meat and grain into all kinds of things. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorus from urban areas. It’s something that most people wouldn’t even think of trying to do, but back in the mid seventeenth century peoples general knowledge of chemistry was not as advanced as it is today. Grab that oil! Keep it in a room away from people. Collis King. Feel like doing a lot of horrible things with pee this weekend? Phosphorus is a chemical element with the symbol P and atomic number 15. These conditions can be the indication of some serious diseases. Playing next. Allow the remainder to cool, where it consists of a black spongy upper part and a salty lower part. Brand capitalized on that — probably to his wife's great relief. Let the rest cool. It is done because both the high level and low level of phosphorus can be dangerous for our health. Let the rest cool. Oh, and you'd need about 1500 gallons of urine. Urine is an excellent source of nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and trace elements. Phosphorus, (IPA: /ˈfɒsfərəs/, Greek: phôs meaning "light", and phoros meaning "bearer"), is the chemical element that has the symbol P and atomic number 15. Browse more videos. When I visited my family doctor, he said I'd have to submit urine for testing and stepped out of the room. Boil the urine until it's a "syrup." As soon as he got his hands on her money, he started his experiments again. Boil the urine until it’s a “syrup.” Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. It’s one of the six most abundant elements in any living organism. (NH 4)NaHPO 4 —› NaPO 3 + NH 3 + H 2 O Mix the oil back into the black upper part. Then he said it: "Urine trouble now! It is not quite as flammable, but given enough energy it still reacts with air. Sadly, his chosen path for this increase in wealth was alchemy. This makes urine the single largest source of phosphorous from urban areas. In rickets, the amount of phosphorus released in urine increases 2-10 times in comparison with the norm. How to make Red Phosphorus. He wanted to come up with the philosopher's stone, which turned everyday elements into gold. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. Channel the phosphorus into water to cool it down. It exists in two major forms – white phosphorus and red phosphorus. About 30 years ago, my family discovered we had the genetic mutation that could yield porphyria. 21 Natural Home Remedies for Cats and Dogs, 10 Awesome and Cheap DIY Projects for Geeks, The Future We Want: The Year in Elon Musk, Tired of Winter? That sounds like quite an achievement, but Brand's life wasn't one that should, necessarily, be emulated. Don't Think Hygge Thoughts, They Are Evil and Unhealthy. Phosphorus is an element that is essential for life. Phosphorous is essential for life, and it's used in most fertilizers. IO9 suggests that you wear protective clothing and eye protection, and don't breathe, because "Urine contains urea, and that breaks down into ammonia. ". The body needs phosphorus to build and repair bones and teeth, help nerves function, and make muscles contract. History and Design of the Bathroom Part 7: Putting a Price on Poop and Pee, 13 Natural Solutions for Killing and Deterring Ants, 8 Natural & Homemade Insecticides: Save Your Garden Without Killing the Earth. Heat the syrup until a red oil comes out of it. At the time, the only solid test for people not expressing obvious symptoms like my sister was looking for the presence of excess porphyrins in the urine. This cools to form solid phosphorus. The oil will come back out, followed by phosphorus fumes. Then again, Sami, maybe this isn't such a good idea. The former is a waxy, yellowish-white, very inflammable, and poisonous solid. He wants to make it from some other phosphorus compound, which is much harder. Surprisingly, he got one. It's toxic and explosive in its pure form, but chemistry is fun, right? He returned with 4 - 1 gallon plastic containers and told me I was to use them for a week and return however many were used at the end of the week. All the right elements that are necessary in large quantities for plant growth. You want to be careful with your exposure." One litre of urine contains 11 gms of nitrogen, 1 gm of phosphorus and 2 gms of potassium. Brand mourned for a time, and then went in search of another financially secure wife. Terribly rare and precious elements were popular, but so were human fluids. Follow. Report. Figure 4: red phosphorus is in safety matches. Scrape off the lower part and throw it away. You can obtain it by boiling urine with carbon or by reacting bone-ash with sulfuric acid and carbon. In his experiment, he boiled hundreds of litres of urine down to a thick syrup until a red oil distilled up from it. His first step was marrying well; he was an officer in the army, but his wife had enough money for him to leave. you can get the ions out of solution by electrolysis like you mentioned before. However, at ordinary temperatures the conversion of the white allo… She didn't have to live in poverty only because she was born in the 1600s, and so died young. Heat until a red oil distills up from it, and draw that off. His steps to discovering this element were undignified, to say the least. Oh, and keep it under water or it will spontaneously ignite. How to Make Phosphorus o 1 Allow urine to sit in an open container for 7 days. Red phosphorus, a relatively stable allotrope of phosphorus, has many uses. Back in the 17th century, the German chemist Hennig Brandt chose urine to isolate elemental phosphorus. That's not making red phosphorus, that's separating it from the other junk in match strikers. Yellow Is the New Green: Is Pee-Cycling Greener Than a Composting Toilet? Are Flush Toilets Appropriate in Third World Countries? Brand (also known as Dr. Teutonicus) evaporated urine and so produced ammonium sodium hydrogenphosphate (microcosmic salt), which on heating produces sodium phosphite. 1. 5 years ago | 154 views. From left to right: white phosphorus, red phosphorus, violet phosphorus & violet phosphorus. The observed symptoms of rickets in this disease are not amenable to vitamin D therapy, massive phosphaturia in this case is an important sign for the diagnosis. The substance will cool into two parts, a black upper part and a grainy lower part. For this reason, we now use red phosphorus in matches. Extracting Red Phosphorus from Matchbooks: Rip off matchbook covers. o 2 Mix two tablespoons of finely-powdered charcoal and two tablespoons of powdered cinnamon into the urine and stir. It under water or it will take a long time to convert for our health also supplied of... 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