During this time, Littorio's bow was modified to lessen vibration and reduce wetness over the bow. [10] These long-barrel, high-velocity guns were chosen to compensate for the smaller 381 mm shell as compared to the 406 mm gun originally desired. [29] The main citadel was closed off by 100–210 mm (3.9–8.3 in) forward and 70–280 mm (2.8–11.0 in) aft traverse bulkheads. [25] Four 120 mm (4.7 in) L/40 guns were mounted on each ship in order to fire illumination rounds. The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. The Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces took place on 8 September, along with the rest of the Italian fleet she was formally surrendered to the Allies on the following day. Littorio was the victim of several Allied aerial attacks throughout her career, the worst of which was the British air raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto on 11 November 1940, which put her out of action until the following March. [47] Before returning to port, a British Wellington bomber torpedoed the ship. On 31 August, the two ships, along with three of the older battleships steamed with a force of ten cruisers and thirty-one destroyers to engage the Operation Hats convoy, but poor reconnaissance prevented the Italian force from engaging the British ships. She was launched on 15 November 1939, but she was never completed. [40] Vittorio Veneto, however, emerged from the attack undamaged. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. [24] They had a rate of fire of slightly better than four rounds a minute. Italia left Great Bitter Lake on 5 February 1947, to join her sister in Augusta. While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … [14], The system did not perform as effectively as expected, however. Therefore the last Italian battleship should have resembled the last Italian cruiser the anti-aircraft cruiser Etna. Italia was scrapped at La Spezia 1952-54. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first "35,000 tonners" to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty. Roma — Italian premium Tier VIII battleship.. A Littorio-class battleship.She carried powerful main battery guns for a ship of her size, was protected by reliable side armor, and had good torpedo protection. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). [36] In September 1943, following the withdrawal of Italy from the war, all three ships and a significant portion of the Italian fleet left port to be interned in Malta. The Vittorio Veneto was the second ship of the Littorio-class battleships from the Regia Marina. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. She was renamed Italia after Benito Mussolini's regime collapsed. During the engagement, one of her Ro.43 reconnaissance planes was shot down by a Skua fighter. On 6 June 1946, Vittorio Veneto steamed to Augusta in Sicily, where, under the Treaty of Peace with Italy, she was allocated to Britain. Littorio was the lead ship of her class of battleship and she served in the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) during World War II. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … On 30 July 1943, after the fall of Benito Mussolini, Littorio was renamed Italia. [1] France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. Italia and Vittorio Veneto were awarded to the United States and Britain, respectively, as war prizes. Littorio became the lead ship of the class which included sisters Vittorio Veneto, Impero and Roma. [6], The Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was impractical, and that a larger design should be pursued. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. 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