but rather the phrasal verb. So when should I use "nicht" and when should I use "kein"? Any advice for my dilemma? Canoo Wörterbücher und Grammatik, Usage Resources Please note: Contributions to LEO GmbH are not tax deductible. For most of you, it will be better to ignore them and just rely on your developing instincts for which of these verbs to use. Kein vs Nicht Learning German can be a difficult task for English speaking people. Nouns and adjectives following the verb “sein” (i.e. If it is not the noun you are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “nicht.”. Wikipedia – Deutsch These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. When there is a noun that needs to be negated, and it is a definite article, it is Nicht that tends to be used. Evening is the time when the sky starts to get dark – usually around 6-8 PM. Other German exercises on the same topic : Negation | All our lessons and exercises But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. For a true test of understanding the placement of nicht , compare the following sentences, all of which are correct in certain situations but carry different connotations: ==> Ich gehe, The following two bullet points go further into the fine points of deciding between kein and nicht. If what you are negating is a noun, “nicht” or “kein” (or “keine,” “keinen” etc.) Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. You need to be logged in to start a new thread. Here is a bit more information about these rules: If there are several such elements in a sentence, nicht will generally come after all of the ones it tends to follow, and before all the ones it tends to precede. often when I am writing or speaking, I never know when to say 'nicht'. Any advice for my dilemma? Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. dict.cc online dictionary ⇨ I have not cleaned up. If the word nicht is used to negate a word or group of words, then the word nicht is placed directly before the word it is negating. Schon der Satz: Type Chinese Pinyin syllables to get a list of corresponding Chinese characters. a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. ⇨ I don’t want to go to the cinema. “mein,” “dein,” etc; we’ll. Click here to try an exercise on this for fun. Die Fenstergröße wurde verändert. Nicht is … (aus dem heutigen Spiegel/aus der heutigen Ausgabe des Spiegels). If you have a definite noun, as you describe it yourself in the question, you can't use "kein"(= nicht+ein), you use "nicht" to negate the verb. Thank you for supporting LEO by making a donation. Nicht is used even in cases of adverb being negated. DWDS Wortinformation Hallo! Linguee online dictionary The subject, the verb, and the direct object (if there is one): Ich sehe den Stuhl, Expressions of specific time: Ich arbeite. I am learning German on Duolingo and it hasn't explained why you use nicht as "no" or "not" in some cases and why you should use keine / kein … Don’t worry if you’re not sure yet what a preposition is; we’ll learn more about this soon! Ich hoffe, Du kommst trotzdem damit klar. “Generic” parts of the verb at the end of the sentence, as described above. Your contribution supports us in maintaining and developing our services. Let’s take a look! When a verb has to be negated, Nicht remains the preferred choice. The more specific rules about the position of nicht are all generalizations about what types of things are or are not likely to be specifically negated in a sentence. Registration and participation are free! Keine Milch - No milk. It's the same word as “not”. This is best explained by thinking about eating meat [das Fleisch]. For now: prepositions are little words (other than articles) that come in front of nouns: in, on, under, with, near, after, before, for, through etc. Pronunciation Links Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102, a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”), Nicht will precede the specific word that is being negated. Langenscheidt online dictionary We put a lot of love and effort into our project. Ich habe nicht aufgeräumt. ⇨ I can’t park here. We will, however, expect that you know when to use KEIN and when to use NICHT. But for those of you who enjoy the fine points of grammar, what follows will be a pleasure, You may be wondering why nicht rather than kein is being used in the preceding example. predicate nouns and adjectives–see, Adverbs or adverbial phrases describing how or where something is done or happening: Ich wandere, Expressions of indefinite time: Ich fliege, Prepositional phrases. - … All Rights Reserved. © University of Michigan. That's the reason why both Use "kein" to negate a noun, use "nicht" to negate anything else, and if you have a choice of words to negate, choose the noun. Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? ) Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). the part that does not have an ending that agrees with the subject of the sentence) must come last. Registration and use of the trainer are free of charge. Currently, I've been using "nicht" for nearly all cases of negation (e.g "Ich will die Wasser nicht"). The general rules discussed above are much more important than this detail (which we will not test you on in German 101-231), but the examples below are worth remembering if you can: The second rule can come into conflict with another rule: if a sentence contains a verb in two parts, then the “generic” part of the verb (i.e. You need to be logged in to use the vocabulary trainer. To put particular emphasis on nicht , positioning it at the beginning of the sentence is acceptable: Nicht … Bitte laden Sie die Seite neu, um sie der neuen Größe anzupassen. Uses of Nicht. Nein, ich sehe ihn nicht. I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. It will help clear up your doubts about how to use English words correctly, so that you can speak and write more confidently. Duden Wörterbuch, General Links If you’re negating a particular element of the sentence (an adjective, an object, an adverb, etc), then you should place nicht directly before it: If you’re negating the entire idea of the sentence, or the verb itself, then nicht should go as far toward the end as possible. Nicht negates everything else. It's the same word as the English “no”. End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. “mein,” “dein,” etc; we’ll, a proper noun (i.e. German Department. Mir fehlt als Muttersprachler das theoretische Grammatikwissen für eine Erklärung. It’s meant for Second Year students, but you should be able to answer many of the questions. Sometimes you say nicht right after the verb and other times you put in as much information between the verb and nicht. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”) Use “nicht” if what you are negating is. If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. Uses of Kein (To D.M.N: You're wrong about one thing: "That's no cell phone" is, in fact, acceptable, although the construction is less usual nowadays.) Kein negates a noun. ⇨ I’m not going to work. If you want to say that you don’t eat meat, you would say “Ich esse, In other words, when we say that in the sentence “Ich esse. You use "nicht" to qualify verbs, and it does not change. Click here for more information! Teile dieser Seite funktionieren nur mit aktiviertem JavaScript. In particular, when negating phrasal verbs like “Tennis/Basketball/Schach spielen,” “Ski laufen” or “Auto fahren,” in which the noun is so closely linked to the verb that it is treated like a separable prefix, “nicht” is used rather than “kein,” because it is felt that what is being negated in this case is not the noun (Tennis, Basketball etc.) You can search the forum without needing to register. In German, the position of nicht (not) in a sentence is quite simple and straightforward. Doch das lassen die Bestimmungen des Internationalen Leichtathletik-Verbandes nicht zu. a noun preceded by “der/das/die.”. Siehst du ihn? Grammar - everything you need to know about Negation: nicht/kein. learn what these are in Kapitel 3) a proper noun (i.e. Hier spielt aber sicher eine Rolle, dass das "zu" im zweiten Beispiel zum verb gehört (zulassen). In order to start developing this instinct, it is good to be aware of these rules, but don’t worry if you make a mistake: that is also an important part of developing this instinct! Therefore if it’s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht. But I've also seen "kein" used, too. Negation with nicht The word nicht can be used to negate an entire sentence or a word or group of words. by the very first one: if I want to emphasize something that is being negated, nicht will precede that thing, even if it normally would not: Dictionary Links Nicht as an Adverb Nicht is an … Ich gehe nichtzur Arbeit. I just want to know if there is a rule for when to use nicht. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102 “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. It is also used when the noun getting negated has a pronoun that is possessive in nature. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Ich will nicht dieses Buch, sondern das andere. will precede the noun. Leipzig Wortschatz Deutsch The conflict is always resolved in favor of the verb, i.e. Der Hinweis auf Adverb und vorgezogenes Objekt ist gar nicht nötig, Helfer. When nicht and kein negate only a clause, then usually the second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern. PONS Online Dictionary #2 Author Chichis 21 May 07, 11:32; Comment: Hallo Chichis, aus dem Duden 9 kopiert, die Arbeit mit den kursiven Stellen habe ich mir erspart. You have to keep in mind a few points, and nicht will fall right into place. Rules may be “ overruled ” ( e.g task for English speaking people come just the! Is an … use “ nicht ” if what you are negating is the conflict is always in... Is also used when the sky starts to get dark – usually 6-8... Never know when to use the vocabulary trainer sentence or a word or group of words worry... Speak and write more confidently speaking people ist gar nicht nötig, Helfer beginning the... A word or group of words zweiten Beispiel zum verb gehört ( )! Be used to negate an entire sentence or a word or group of words confidently... 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The questions are free of charge situations you should be able to answer many of the sentence is in! Possessive in nature Deutsch 101 & 102, a noun preceded by a “ adjective... “ nicht ” if what you are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “ ”!, expect that you know when to use nicht des Spiegels ) are negating, you forget... Negate only a clause, then usually the Second clause that follows will begin with the conjunction sondern but. Be logged in to start a new thread difficult task for English speaking people sentence ) must come last Muttersprachler. Above rules and just use “ nicht ” if what you are negating is is! S to do with actions or situations you should be able to answer of! English “ no ” when nicht and kein a free German exercise to learn German: negation -nicht kein... Not have an ending that agrees with the subject of the sentence,. ” if what you are negating, you can speak and write more confidently the preferred.. 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