If a wildlife management area is to be successful, the management plan must be flexible so wildlife managers can keep animals, even animals in a WMA, in balance with their habitat. Regulated hunting and trapping provides another key tool for wildlife managers—money. Without habitat, no wildlife can survive. Habitat is the key to wildlife survival. Most wildlife species have a high birth rate. Choose from 500 different sets of principles wildlife management flashcards on Quizlet. This includes knowing how important private lands are in providing critical habitat and recreation opportunities. This training manual is designed to help professionals manage wildlife problems by developing solutions based on the principles of integrated pest management (IPM) or Integrated Wildlife Damage Management (IWDM). In some cases, laws may even be passed to protect the habitat. That money is provided in several ways by hunters and trappers. In fact, hunting and trapping remain as one of the most important management tools because hunters can be controlled by laws and regulations. That's why public education is so important for wildlife management to succeed. These programs help people to be smarter about using wildlife and better at taking care of the land. A key source of money is the sale of hunting and trapping licenses. You'll also start to appreciate all animals more—game and nongame alike. With less habitat or poor habitat, the weaker animals will die from disease, starvation, predators or other causes. Good wildlife management must put animal numbers at a level we can live with—not too many and not too few. Two major factors affect this—the birth rate and the death rate. Try. Social tolerance is the number of animals a landowner or the public will allow in an area. Wildlife damage management is a form of wildlife management and conservation and is highly regulated by federal and state laws. Deer and elk, for example, may increase in numbers to the point where there are too many for the available food supply. Get this from a library! Late in the spring, the animals old enough to have bred the previous fall begin having their young. Carrying capacity is the number of animals an area can support throughout the year without permanently damaging the habitat or starving the animals. Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! These are lands which are set aside for the purpose of increasing wildlife numbers by protecting wildlife and key habitat. Sometimes the vegetation is destroyed, changing the habitat and carrying capacity. Divided into five parts: Wildlife conservation; wildlife biology; wildlife ecology; population dynamics; wildlife management. If society decides that the evolutionary impacts of harvest are undesirable, a number of avenues are open to managers to reduce or avoid those impacts. Stocking was begun more than 50 years ago in Montana. If wildlife numbers exceed the acceptable or tolerable levels—for example, if deer or elk are damaging a farmer's crops—the animal numbers may need to be reduced. Once that vegetation is gone, the habitat is damaged and the carrying capacity of the area goes down. One of the major goals of a wildlife management areas is to protect at least a minimal number of animals so the population can increase. Archived offerings. The cycle is the same for most species of wildlife. Damage to the habitat then occurs. The best arrangements are those where all of these habitat factors occur in small blocks that are close together with enough space to meet the needs of the animals. Principles of wildlife management. That way, the animals stand the best chance of staying healthy and not harming their habitat. Principles of Wildlife Management: Bailey, James A.: Amazon.sg: Books. 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