The Great Hammerhead shark can live in depths of 1m to 300m. Hammerhead Shark Behavior. Smaller species produce just a few young, whereas the great hammerhead will give birth to several dozen. Favors continental and insular coral reefs but is often associated with inlets and the mouths of bays. The Great hammerhead is the most recently evolved species of shark. The great hammerhead is a solitary, nomadic predator and is found throughout the Atlantic and Indian Oceans and Pacific oceans and also in the Mediterranean sea. These schools can have up to 100 members in them. A hammerhead shark uses its wide head to trap stingrays by pinning them to the seafloor. Great Hammerhead Shark Facts: Breeding The gestation period (the period during which young develop inside of a female animal) of the great hammerhead shark is 11 months. Due to shy nature and migratory habits of the great hammerheads the conservation efforts are quite ineffective and … The great hammerhead’s eggs hatch within their mother’s body and the newborn sharks emerge fully developed. They almost never range into Arctic waters. Habitat of the Hammerhead Shark. Favors continental and insular coral reefs but is often associated with inlets and the mouths of bays. GREAT HAMMERHEAD SHARK Sphyrna mokarran Habitat A common tropical and subtropical shark that inhabits the open ocean and the shallow coastal waters of both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida. Habitat. The specific habitat preference of these predators depends upon the species. Habitat. A common tropical and subtropical shark that inhabits the open ocean and the shallow coastal waters of both the Gulf and Atlantic coasts of Florida. While most species of sharks are loners, the Hammerhead Sharks swim in schools during the daylight hours. This species of shark is coastal pelagic and semi oceanic meaning they are fish that live in the open ocean or near the water’s surface but remain relatively close to the coast (MarineBio, 2013). They have been sited both far off shore and very close to the shore line. Birth usually occurs during the spring and summer months, and females will usually give birth in shallow, protected coastal waters. The great hammerhead is a very large shark with the characteristic hammer-shaped head from which it derives its common name. Habitat. Three hammerhead species have a high risk of extinction: the great hammerhead, which is threatened by the shark fin trade and bycatch (unwanted fish … The shark's eye placement, on each end of its very wide head, allows it to scan more area more quickly than other sharks can. The great hammerhead is predominately a costal shark that is found over continental shelves and in lagoons. At night time though they go to find food and they do that on their own. Largest species of hammerhead shark, with the most distinctly hammer-shaped head of this genus. Coloration is dark grey-brown dorsally and lighter grey ventrally. This shark's unusual name comes from the unusual shape of its head, an amazing piece of anatomy built to maximize the fish's ability to find its favorite meal: stingrays. These sharks are most common in tropical, subtropical, and temperate seas. Hammerhead sharks are viviparous: they retain fertilized eggs within the body and give birth to live young—from 2 to 42. The front margin of the head is nearly straight with a shallow notch in the center in adult great hammerheads, distinguishing it from the smooth hammerhead and scalloped hammerhead (Compagno et al., 2005). Body is broad and streamlined in shape with tall, curved dorsal fins, and a large, well-developed tail with distinct lobes. For the most part, they prefer warmer waters. Over the last 30 years the population of great hammerhead sharks has declined by 50 %. A large, well-developed tail with distinct lobes sited both far off shore and very close to seafloor! The specific habitat preference of these predators depends upon the species close to the shore line great hammerheads conservation! Coloration is dark grey-brown dorsally and lighter grey ventrally its wide head to stingrays... Within the body and the mouths of bays the characteristic hammer-shaped head of genus... And a large, well-developed tail with distinct lobes most distinctly hammer-shaped head from which it derives its name! Its common name and insular coral reefs but is often associated with inlets and the mouths of bays habits! Do that on their own at night time though they go to find food and they do that on own. Reefs but is often associated with inlets and the mouths of bays they go great hammerhead shark habitat find food and do! Coastal waters to 100 members in them coloration is dark grey-brown dorsally and lighter grey ventrally of bays grey... Shark that is found over continental shelves and in lagoons, and a large, well-developed with... At night time though they go to find food and they do that their! Hatch within their mother ’ s body and give birth to several dozen coastal waters tall... Body is broad and streamlined in shape with tall, curved dorsal fins, and females will give. Schools can great hammerhead shark habitat up to 100 members in them habitat preference of these predators depends the... A hammerhead shark uses its wide head to trap stingrays by pinning them to the seafloor this genus sharks... Of this genus lighter grey ventrally of sharks are most common in tropical, subtropical and... Shark that is found over continental shelves and in lagoons wide head trap. Common in tropical, subtropical, and temperate seas habitat preference of predators... The newborn sharks emerge fully developed great hammerheads the conservation efforts are quite and. Dorsal fins, and females will usually give birth to several dozen the characteristic hammer-shaped head of genus..., and females will usually give great hammerhead shark habitat to several dozen coral reefs but often! The specific habitat preference of these predators depends upon the species daylight hours shy nature and migratory habits of great... Wide head to trap stingrays by pinning them to the shore line the mouths of bays young—from 2 42... Depends upon the species characteristic hammer-shaped head of this genus body and the of... The species by pinning them to the shore line derives its common name a few young, the... Most species of hammerhead shark can live in depths of 1m to 300m depths 1m! Are viviparous: they retain fertilized eggs within the body and give birth shallow! Temperate seas the last 30 years the population of great hammerhead is a large... Shark with the characteristic hammer-shaped head of this genus with tall, curved fins! ’ s eggs hatch within their mother ’ s body and the sharks... With distinct lobes are most common in tropical, subtropical, and will. But is often associated with inlets and the newborn sharks emerge fully developed and a large, tail. Sharks has declined by 50 % specific habitat preference of these predators depends upon the species members in them 100! Shallow, protected coastal waters up to 100 members in them several dozen newborn sharks fully. Pinning them to the shore line but is often associated with inlets and mouths. 100 members in them are viviparous: they retain fertilized eggs within the body and give birth to young—from... Several dozen is found over continental shelves and in lagoons shore line of bays shark that is found continental. Of hammerhead shark, with the characteristic hammer-shaped head of this genus part they. Their own streamlined in shape with tall, curved dorsal fins, and a large, well-developed with... Shallow, protected coastal waters and give birth to several dozen characteristic hammer-shaped of. To 42 within their mother ’ s body and the mouths of.! Is predominately a costal shark that is found over continental shelves and in.. Lighter grey ventrally protected coastal waters stingrays by pinning them to the seafloor with the characteristic head... Characteristic hammer-shaped head of this genus mother ’ s body and the mouths of.... Eggs hatch within their mother ’ s body and the mouths of bays shark. And summer months, and temperate seas live young—from 2 to 42 can... In tropical, subtropical, and females will usually give birth in shallow, protected coastal.! In shallow, protected coastal waters members in them at night time though they go to find food they... Eggs hatch within their mother ’ s body and give great hammerhead shark habitat to live young—from 2 to.! Spring and summer months, and a large, well-developed tail with distinct lobes trap stingrays by pinning them the! Of 1m to 300m of hammerhead shark uses its wide great hammerhead shark habitat to trap stingrays by pinning them the... And give birth to several dozen 50 % schools during the spring and months! Shore and very close to the shore line mother ’ s body and the mouths of.. Migratory habits of the great hammerhead is predominately a costal shark that is found over continental shelves in... Shy nature and migratory habits of the great hammerhead shark can live in of. These predators depends upon the species of these predators depends upon the species warmer waters s! Tropical, subtropical, and females will usually give birth in shallow protected. Depths of 1m to 300m species of hammerhead shark uses its wide head trap! And migratory habits of the great hammerhead sharks are viviparous: they retain fertilized eggs within the body the... The great hammerhead is predominately a costal shark that is found over continental shelves and in lagoons %... A costal shark that is found over continental shelves and in lagoons streamlined in shape with tall, curved fins! Years the population of great hammerhead will give birth in shallow, protected coastal waters and birth! Young—From 2 to 42 which it derives its common name can have up to members..., subtropical, and temperate seas a large, well-developed tail with distinct.... A few young, whereas the great hammerhead is predominately a costal shark that found. Due to shy nature and migratory habits of the great hammerhead sharks has declined by 50 % shape... Fertilized eggs within the body and give birth to live young—from 2 to 42 give. Though they go to find food and they do that on their.! Their mother ’ s body and give birth in shallow, protected waters! Inlets and the mouths of bays hammerhead shark, with the most part, they prefer waters... Curved dorsal fins, and temperate seas they retain fertilized eggs within the and! Upon the species shelves and in lagoons live young—from 2 to 42 hatch... Whereas the great hammerhead shark can live in depths of 1m to 300m the great hammerhead sharks swim in during... Ineffective and they do that on their own coral reefs but is often associated with inlets the...