Reverse Cages (Stair-step) They are also known as stair-stepped cages and were initially named after the place California, where invented for first time. The floor is of standard strong galvanized wire set at a slope from back to the front, so that the eggs as they are laid roll out of the cage to a receiving gutter. })(120000); Time limit is exhausted. Birds are under complete control. This has only been made possible by admitting the direct rays of the sun on the floor of the house so that par to the windows are removable, or either fold or slide down like windows of railway train to permit the ultraviolet rays to reach the birds. }, Like To Become A Contributor, The birds do not congregate at the time of feeding and fee: consumption is still reduced due to further restricted movements as compared to deep-litter. The type of housing adopted depends to a large extent on the amount of ground and the capital available. Roughly tripplc strength of birds can be housed as compared to deep-litter system. They work wonderfully. They are also known as stair-stepped cages and were initially named after the place California, where invented for first time. . The droppings be removed once 6 months or after 12 months along with disposal of layer batch pending on depth of pit formed by raised platform . This system involves rearing of poultry on raised wire netting floor in smaller compartments of wire netting called cages, either fitted on stands on floor of house or hanged to the roof. The level of coccidiosis and worm infestation is much lower watered kept on good deep litter than with birds (or chickens) in bare yards and bare floor sheds particularly where water spillage is allowed. Generally four rows of cages are installed in 8.5 m wide house with 5 service passages. But foraging is the major source of feeding for birds. Can U̶̲̥̅̊ help me with their problem statement pls? The whole structure should be of metal so that no parasites will be harbored and through disinfection can be carried out as often as required. Pullets, which are more often used than birds of over one year, should be placed in the cages at least one month before they are expected to lay. The system has been proved very efficient for laying operations, right from day-old stage till disposal. Even birds can be housed individually which is sometimes followed for breeders. As in each cage there will be only pullets so one can never expect fertilized eggs, hence the vegetative eggs will be there, which can be preserved for a longer time than fertilized eggs at ordinary room temperature but can never be used for hatching purposes. +  Rearing of poultry by letting them loose on ground (field) called as range in limited area(fenced) is known as free range system. Runs can also be used on turn basis. This method is oldest of all and has been used for centuries by general farmers, where there is no shortage of land. Selection of any approach depends upon the capital investment and land availability. It also contains about. Feeders to cages are attached from outside on both the sides length-wise . Length-wise each block is divided into two compartments by a partition in middle at 50 cm of width housing, 20 chicks in each compartment or 40 chicks in a block. Shelter is usually provided by temporary roofing supported by ordinary poles. with us, Product As the name indicates birds are half-way reared in houses and half-way on ground or range, i.e. Under the intensive system, Battery (cage system) and deep litter methods are most common. About 20,000 to 25,000 birds can be reared per hectare. 8. Feeders and waterers are attached to cages from outside except nipple waterers, for which pipeline is installed through or above cages. 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